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APA Style Guide: Home

Your guide to APA citation style, 7th ed.

APA Style

American Psychological Association (APA) style is the most common citation style used at St. Andrews. As a general rule, use APA style in Psychology, Education, Health Sciences, Business, and other social sciences. The APA style rules were created by the American Psychological Association to provide standards for scientific communication and are widely used by many disciplines. The latest edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the 7th Edition (2019). You can find the print copy near the library service desk.

Remember that most Library Databases will format your citations for you! Look for a tool or icon that says 'Cite'. The Formatting Citations page shows you where to find this tool on library search platforms.

Sample APA Papers

In-text Citation:

(Mims, 2021)


Mims (2021)

Reference Entry:

Mims, C. (2021). Arriving today: From factory to front door -- why everything has changed about how and what we buy. Harper Business.

In-text Citation:

(Grady et al., 2019)


Grady et al. (2019)

Reference Entry:

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207–217.

In-Text Citation:

(Bologna, 2019)


Bologna (2019)

Reference Entry:

Bologna, C. (2019, October 31). Why some people with anxiety love watching horror movies. HuffPost.

In-text citation:

(Asian Boss, 2020)


Asian Boss (2020)

Reference entry:

Asian Boss. (2020, June 5). World’s leading vaccine expert fact-checks COVID-19 vaccine conspiracy: Stay curious #22 [Video]. YouTube.

Helpful APA Resources

APA Manuals in Print

Both of these books at available at DeTamble Library, in print and online.