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Writing & Citing: Citation Styles

How to cite info sources in various citation styles (ex. MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.)

Citation Styles

General Tips for Citing Sources

  1. Use the format your professor requires. If you don't know....ASK!
  2. Be consistent with the style and format throughout your paper.
  3. Remember to cite images, websites, and other nontraditional sources.
  4. Get help at DeTamble Library or the Center for Academic Success

For citing material from the Web, two additional pieces of information are usually needed:

  1. the URL of the site (e.g. http://...) or digital object identifier (DOI), a unique identifier for each journal article: (ex. 10.1093/ajae/aaq063)
  2. the date you accessed the site or database

What Citation Style Should I Use?

There are at least seven different citation styles used at St. Andrews. Always check with your Instructor to find out what style is required in your class. Check the links below for more info about citation styles we use.

APA Style

American Psychological Association (APA) Style is, by far, the most used style at St. Andrews.

Disciplines that use APA: Health Sciences, Business, Nursing, Psychology, Education

APA Guide

MLA Style

Modern Language Association (MLA) is the preferred style in English and Humanities.

Disciplines That Use MLA: English, Humanities, Composition Courses (ex. WRT110)

MLA Guide

Lesser Used Styles